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Organochlorine pesticide residues in water, sediments and Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) of Lake Nakuru, Kenya and implications for its fishery

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dc.contributor.author Nantongo, Mary Florence
dc.contributor.author Edebe, Joseph
dc.contributor.author . Otachi, Elick O
dc.contributor.author Kipkemboi, Julius
dc.date.accessioned 2023-04-04T06:49:09Z
dc.date.available 2023-04-04T06:49:09Z
dc.date.issued 2022-12-19
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Organochlorine pesticide residues in water, sediments and Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) of Lake Nakuru, Kenya and implications for its fishery. Lakes & Reservoirs: Research & Management, 28, e12424. https://doi. org/10.1111/lre.12424 TA en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://erepository.kafuco.ac.ke/123456789/164
dc.description.abstract The present study was conducted to assess the levels of selected organochlorine pesticide (OCP) residues in water, sediments and Nile tilapia, as well as the potential health risks to humans who consume the fish of Lake Nakuru. Nine composite water and nine sediment samples, as well as 30 fish specimens, were collected from five representative sampling sites within Lake Nakuru. The OCPs targeted in the present study included p,p′-Dichlorodiphenyl dichloroethane (p,p′-DDD), p,p′ dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (p,p′-DDE), p,p′-dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (p,p′-DDT), heptachlor, heptachlor epoxide, α endosulfan (1), β endosulfan (2), endosulfan sulphate, endrin, lindane, aldrin, dieldrin, methoxychlor and hexachlorocyclohexanes (alpha; beta; gamma; delta). Except for aldrin, all 16 OCPs targeted in the present study were detected. The OCP residue levels ranged from below detection limit (BDL) to 7.44 ± 0.66 μg/L, BDL to 6.39 ± 1.10 μg/kg ww and BDL to 319.74 ± 66.94 μg/kg ww in water, sediment and fish samples respectively. Some OCP concentrations exhibited significant differences across the sampling sites (p < .05). The residue level of endosulfan was above the European Union standard, whereas the target hazard quotient of heptachlor epoxide was above 1, therefore being unsafe for human consumption. The present study results indicate that most of organochlorine pesticides though banned in Kenya are still detected in the environment, posing potential long-term health hazards to humans. Accordingly, environmental monitoring programme and mitigation strategies of reducing pollutant inputs into the lake is recommended, as well as an immediate ban on harvesting and consumption of fish from Lake Nakuru. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Orange Knowledge Programme, the Netherlands (NUFFIC) en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Lakes Reservoirs en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Original Article;
dc.subject aquatic pollution, fishery safety, Lake Nakuru, Oreochromis niloticus, organochlorine pesticide residues en_US
dc.title Organochlorine pesticide residues in water, sediments and Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) of Lake Nakuru, Kenya and implications for its fishery en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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